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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.lsln.net.au/jspui/handle/1/14037
Type: journalArticle
Title: Sowing wheat or field pea as rotation crops after irrigated cotton in a grey Vertosol
Authors: Hulugalle, N.R.
Entwistle, P.C.
Cooper, J.L.
Scott, F.
Nehl, D.B.
Allen, S.J.
Finlay, L.A.
Year: 1999
Citation: Volume: 37
Issue: 5
Abstract: The erects of green manured field pea (Pisum sativum L.), low-input (LI) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) (seeding rate of 40 kg/ha and 85 kg/ha of diammonium phosphate), and high-input (HI) wheat (seeding rate of 100 kg/ha, 85 kg/ha of diammonium phosphate, and 180 kg/ha of urea) sown as rotation crops after cotton on soil quality; cotton growth, yield and nutrient uptake; and gross margins ($AU/ha and $AU/ML of irrigation water) were evaluated from 1993 to 1998 in an irrigated Vertosol in the central-west of New South Wales. Soil quality indicators monitored were aggregate stability (dispersion index), compaction (air-filled porosity), soil resilience to structural destruction (as geometric mean diameter of soil aggregates formed after puddling and drying of soil), exchangeable cations, calcium carbonate, nitrate-N, pH, organic C, development of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), and incidence of cotton root diseases (black root rot). In comparison with wheat, field pea increased soil nitrate-N levels during the early stages of the experiment and formed smaller aggregates after puddling and drying, but it was ineffective in ameliorating soil compaction. In contrast wheat was very effective in ameliorating soil compaction. Nitrate-N values under wheat-cotton rotations increased with time such that after 4 years they were similar to that under the field pea-cotton rotation. Soil chemical fertility indicators such as organic C, pH, EC, and exchangeable cations were not affected consistently by either wheat or field pea, whereas minimum tillage, retention of crop residues, and cropping phase (i.e. rotation crop or cotton) affected them more. A net decrease in organic C and an increase in EC was observed with time in all treatments. By sowing either field pea or wheat, the mycorrhizal colonisation of cotton roots was improved. Black root rot incidence was increased 3-fold by sowing field pea, but was not significantly affected by wheat. Cotton lint yield was unaffected by rotation crop, although profitability shown as gross margins/ha and gross margins/ML irrigation water were greater with wheat compared with field pea. Gross margins/ha were in the order HI wheat > LI wheat > field pea, and gross margins/ML irrigation water were in the order LI wheat > HI wheat > field pea. In terms of ameliorating soil compaction, minimising black root incidence, and maximising returns to the cotton grower, wheat is a better rotation crop than field pea. The decision to apply fertiliser and sow wheat at a higher seeding rate will depend on whether land or water is the major limiting factor.
URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/84/paper/SR98109.htm
URL: http://www.lsln.net.au/jspui/handle/1/14037
DOI: 10.1071/SR98109
Journal Title: Soil Research
Geo Location: none
Appears in Collections:North Coast Local Land Services

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