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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://www.lsln.net.au/jspui/handle/1/42
Type: journalArticle
Authors: Ludwig, John A
Tongway, David J
Marsden, Stephen G
Year: 1999
Citation: Volume: 37
Issue: 1–2
Abstract: In the semi-arid open woodlands or savannas of eastern Australia banded vegetation is a common form of landscape patchiness. This banding can form relatively long strands or shorter stripes across the landscape, or small patches can occur in a stippled pattern. In degraded areas these patches can be completely removed from the landscape. This study addresses two related questions: does the type of patchiness (strands, stripes, or stipples) significantly influence how efficiently these semi-arid landscapes capture and store scarce soil resources; and how does this efficiency compare with landscapes that have lost all their patches? Results from a landscape simulation model, validated for a semi-arid woodland study site, demonstrated that the loss of landscape patchiness had the greatest influence on the capacity of the landscape to capture rainfall as soil water—reduced by about 25% compared to banded landscapes. This 25% loss of soil water reduced annual net primary productivity in these systems by about 40%. Banded patterns (stripes or strands) captured about 8% more rainfall as soil water than a stippled pattern; this increased their plant production by about 10%. However, these differences between banding patterns were relatively small compared to the impact of totally eliminating patchiness, which can occur with severe land degradation. This implies that preventing the loss of landscape patchiness is very important for managing savannas for production and conservation goals.
Zotero ID: 72CA9EX9
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0341816298000678
URL: http://www.lsln.net.au/jspui/handle/1/42
ISSN: 0341-8162
DOI: 10.1016/S0341-8162(98)00067-8
Journal Title: CATENA
Geo Location: none
Appears in Collections:Riverina Local Land Services

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